Transparent Proxy Mode
SSH-MITM is capable of advanced man-in-the-middle attacks. It can be used in scenarios where the remote host is not known or a single remote host is not sufficient.
To intercept ssh sessions, where the destination is not known, SSH-MITM can run in transparent mode, which uses the TProxy kernel feature from Linux.
Transparent proxying often involves “intercepting” traffic on a router. When redirecting packets to a local socket, the destination address will be rewritten to the routers address.
To intercept ssh connections on a network, this is not acceptable. By using TProxy from the Linux Kernel, SSH-MITM can intercept ssh connections without losing the destination address.
To intercept the traffic, a static route can be configured on a router. An alternative to a static route is using arp spoofing.
Router configuration and arp spoofing are not part of this documentation.
In following example there are 2 networks. SSH-MITM is installed on the default gateway. This allows to intercept all connections between the two networks.
The default gateway needs 2 network interfaces, one for each network. The network interfaces must be configured as shown in the network diagram.
Setting up firewall rules
To setup SSH-MITM in transparent mode, the system has to be prepared.
$ iptables -t mangle -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 22 -j TPROXY --tproxy-mark 0x1/0x1 --on-port=10022 --on-ip=127.0.0.1
$ firewall-cmd --direct --permanent --add-rule ipv4 mangle PREROUTING 1 -p tcp --dport 22 --j TPROXY --tproxy-mark 0x1/0x1 --on-port=10022 --on-ip=127.0.0.1
Following configuration is needed to redirect the incomming traffic to SSH-MITM.
$ echo 100 tproxy >> /etc/iproute2/rt_tables $ ip rule add fwmark 1 lookup tproxy $ ip route add local 0.0.0.0/0 dev lo table tproxy
Now only the ssh proxy server needs to be started in transparent mode to be able to handle sockets that do not have local addresses:
$ ssh-mitm server --transparent
By using the transparent mode, no remote host must be specified. If the
--remote-host parameter is used,
all incoming connections are redirected to the same remote host.